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The National Curriculum for History in Year 4


Pupils should be taught about:


Examples in italics are not statutory.


Pre-Roman Britain


Our children will be taught about changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

This could include:

    • late Neolithic hunter-gatherers and early farmers, for example, Skara Brae
    • Bronze Age religion, technology and travel, for example, Stonehenge
    • Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture


Roman Britain


Our children will be taught about the Roman empire and its impact on Britain


This could include:


    • Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion in 55-54 BC
    • the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the power of its army
    • successful invasion by Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall
    • British resistance, for example, Boudica
    • “Romanisation” of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the impact of technology, culture and beliefs, including early Christianity


Anglo-Saxons & Scots


Our children will be taught about Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots


This could include:


    • Roman withdrawal from Britain in c. AD 410 and the fall of the western Roman Empire
    • Scots invasions from Ireland to north Britain (now Scotland)
    • Anglo-Saxon invasions, settlements and kingdoms: place names and village life
    • Anglo-Saxon art and culture
    • Christian conversion – Canterbury, Iona and Lindisfarne


Anglo-Saxons & Vikings


Our children will be taught about the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor.


This could include:


    • Viking raids and invasion
    • resistance by Alfred the Great and Athelstan, first king of England
    • further Viking invasions and Danegeld
    • Anglo-Saxon laws and justice•Edward the Confessor and his death in 1066


Local History


This could include:


    • a depth study linked to one of the British areas of study listed above
    • a study over time tracing how several aspects of national history are reflected in the locality (this can go beyond 1066)
    • a study of an aspect of history or a site dating from a period beyond 1066 that is significant in the locality.


Extended Chronological study


Our children will be taught a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066


This could include:


    • The changing power of monarchs using case studies such as John, Anne and Victoria
    • changes in an aspect of social history, such as crime and punishment from the Anglo-Saxons to the present or leisure and entertainment in the 20th Century
    • the legacy of Greek or Roman culture (art, architecture or literature) on later periods in British history, including the present day
    • a significant turning point in British history, for example, the first railways or the Battle of Britain


Ancient Civilizations


Our children will be taught about the achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following:


    • Ancient Sumer;
    • The Indus Valley;
    • Ancient Egypt; or
    • The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China


Ancient Greece


    • Our children will be taught a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world


Non-European Study


Non-European StudyOur children will be taught about a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from:


    • early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900;